The intestinal microflora has a profound influence on our health. It contains both beneficial strains and ones that can have a negative effect on the body. In line with the most recent data, between 400 and 500 different microbial species inhabit the intestines. The overall mass of the human intestinal bacteria is between 1 and 1.5 kilograms. The composition of the intestinal microflora is crucial to the proper function of the entire body. In the meanAt the same time, the balance of this specific ’ecosystem’ can be distorted for instance by medication, stress or simply ageing.
Beneficial probiotic bacteria (Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus) dominate the digestive tract of a healthy person. Their activity includes, among other things, inhibiting and limiting the growth of microorganisms that have a negative effect on health, alleviating lactose intolerance, antiallergic activity, anticancer and immunological action, preventing osteoporosis and dental caries. In order to increase the population of beneficial bacteria within the gut microflora, one can provide them with fermented diary products or pharmaceutical preparations. The growth of probiotic organisms can be also achieved by inclusion of prebiotics in the diet. These are undigestible food ingredients that stimulate growth or activity of bacteria inhabiting the colon and benefiting the health of the host. And according to Chinese medicine it is the colon where good health begins.
The advantage of prebiotics is the fact they only broken down in the large intestine, while their earlier journey across the digestive tract does not affect their properties. The prebiotics described and produced on an industrial scale so far are all saccharides. They include a number of non-digestible oligosaccharides (NDOs) and some polysaccharides. Prebiotic polysaccharides include inulin and some types of starch resistant to the action of the digestive enzymes. Among oligosaccharides with documented prebiotic properties are fructooligosaccharides (FOS). It is precisely their qualities the FOS Syrup is based on.